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INDIAN HEAD PENNY MINTAGE


1859 WREATH REVERSE WITHOUT SHIELD


Indian-Head-Penny


1860-1909 WREATH REVERSE WITH SHIELD


Indian-Head-Penny


Indian Head Penny production for commerce began at the start of 1859 and lasted to 1909. On the 1859 penny the reverse has leaves that almost touch together at the top. On the 1860 to 1909 penny, there is an image of a shield at the top. Indian Head Pennys dated 1859-1864 are made with copper and nickel and when viewed from the side are thick and heavy. In the middle of 1864, it was decided to replace nickel content with tin and zinc along with the copper. For the years 1864 to 1909 the Indian Head Pennys are made of copper, tin, and zinc. When viewing from the side, the tin and zinc coins appear thinner than 1859-1864 coins. Indian Head Pennys are common and were produce in the range of tens of millions per year. The 1909-S has the lowest mintage of any Indian Head Penny. With 1909 being the last year of production for Indian Head Pennys, many people saved the 1909-S Penny in large quantities. So even though the 1909-S has the lowest mintage, there are many of these coins available today for collectors. Comparing the 1909-S to the 1877, there are fewer surviving 1877 Pennys. The 1877 is the second least minted Indian Head Penny and has the fewest surviving examples, which makes it the primary key date of the series. Key dates are 1877,1888 8 over 7.


Year & Mint Mintage Proof Mintage
1859 36,400,000 est. 800
1860 20,566,000 est. 1,000
1861 10,100,000 est. 1,000
1862 28,075,000 est. 550
1863 49,840,000 est. 460
1864 Copper-Nickel 13,740,000 est. 370
1864 Bronze 39,233,714 est. 150
1864-L see above est. 20
1865 35,429,286 est. 500
1866 9,286,500 est. 725
1867 9,821,000 est. 625
1868 10,266,500 est. 600
1869 6,420,000 est. 600
1870 5,275,000 est. 1,000
1871 3,929,500 est. 960
1872 4,042,000 est. 950
1873 11,676,500 est. 1,100
1874 14,187,500 est. 700
1875 13,528,000 est. 700
1876 7,944,000 est. 1,150
1877 852,500 est. 510
1878 5,797,500 2,350
1879 16,228,000 3,200
1880 38,961,000 3,955
1881 39,208,000 3,575
1882 38,578,000 3,100
1883 45,591,500 6,609
1884 23,257,800 3,942
1885 11,761,594 3,790
1886 17,650,000 4,290
1887 45,223,523 2,960
1888 37,489,832 4,582
1889 48,866,025 3,336
1890 57,180,114 2,740
1891 47,070,000 2,350
1892 37,647,087 2,745
1893 46,640,000 2,195
1894 16,749,500 2,632
1895 38,341,474 2,062
1896 39,055,431 1,862
1897 50,464,392 1,938
1898 49,821,284 1,795
1899 53,598,000 2,031
1900 66,831,502 2,262
1901 79,609,158 1,985
1902 87,374,704 2,018
1903 85,092,703 1,790
1904 61,326,198 1,817
1905 80,717,011 2,152
1906 96,020,530 1,725
1907 108,137,143 1,475
1908 32,326,367 1,620
1908-S 1,115,000 0
1909 14,368,470 2,175
1909-S 309,000 0